fibers are either natural or synthetic. Wool is
the natural fiber used in carpet, and, nylon, olefin,
acrylic and polyester are the major synthetic yarns
used in carpet.
Wool offers a deep, rich look and feel
with excellent resilience and durability. Although
it’s naturally stain resistant, it requires a
high level of maintenance, including mothproofing.
Nylon is the most common carpet material.
It’s the strongest fiber, making it an excellent
choice for heavy traffic areas. It’s also the
most durable of the synthetics, easy to clean
and maintain. Nylon is soil- and mildew-resistant,
resilient and non-allergenic. Some nylon may pill
and be prone to static.
Olefin (Polypropylene) was originally
for outdoor carpeting and basements due to its
resistance to moisture, water damage, staining,
pilling, shedding and static. Now it's more widely
used for its durability. Olefin is dyed before
it's made into a fiber and therefore is colorfast.
(Olefin is naturally stain resistant)
Polyester has built-in stain resistance
built right into the fiber itself. It offers you
more carpet for your money and a huge selection
of colors and functional textures. It also is
non-allergenic, sheds moisture, resists moths
and mildew and cleans easily.
P.E.T. (Polyethylene terephthalate) polyester
is one of the strongest man-made fibers. Its versatility,
durability, and inherent resistance to stains
make P.E.T. a popular choice for carpet.
Acrylic is the closest to wool of any
of the synthetics. Acrylic is manufactured primarily
for commercial use. It offers soil resistance,
excellent clean ability and resistance to static,
moths and mildew. Acrylic is available in a wide
choice of colors, and is less likely to fade in
bright sunlight than nylon or polyester.